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"Understanding Post-Operative Head Swelling: Learn Why It's Normal After a Hair Transplant"

Our patient from a couple of days ago asked about head swelling and related his head to a mushroom. A short explanation of head swelling post-operative.

“After a hair transplant, it is common for the head to swell due to various factors, including anaesthesia during the procedure. Here's why:

1. Local anaesthesia: Hair transplant surgeries typically involve local anaesthesia to numb the scalp. The anaesthesia is injected into the scalp, which can cause temporary swelling in the surrounding tissues. This localised swelling is a normal reaction to the anaesthesia and usually subsides within a few days.

2. Inflammation: Hair transplant surgery involves making tiny incisions in the scalp to implant hair follicles. These incisions cause trauma to the scalp, leading to inflammation as a natural healing response. Inflammation can cause the blood vessels in the scalp to dilate, resulting in swelling.

3. Lymphatic fluid buildup: The lymphatic system plays a crucial role in removing excess fluid and waste products from tissues. During a hair transplant, the lymphatic vessels in the scalp can become temporarily disrupted, leading to a buildup of lymphatic fluid. This fluid accumulation can contribute to swelling.

4. Blood circulation: Hair transplant surgery can temporarily disrupt the normal blood circulation in the scalp. Reduced blood flow and increased pressure in the blood vessels can cause fluid to leak into the surrounding tissues, leading to swelling.

5. Trauma and tissue damage: Extracting hair follicles from the donor area and implanting them into the recipient area involves trauma and tissue damage. This trauma triggers an inflammatory response, which can result in swelling.

It's important to note that post-operative swelling is a normal part of the healing process after a hair transplant. However, if the swelling is excessive, accompanied by severe pain, or persists for an extended period, it is advisable to consult a medical professional to rule out any complications or infections.”


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